Each year ANNA issues a Call for Abstracts for the National Symposium. Individuals are invited to share their expertise, research, or clinically based findings by submitting an abstract for verbal or poster presentation at the symposium. ANNA’s Research Committee has developed the following guidelines to assist in the preparation of research abstracts.
The following criteria must be included in the abstract. It will be scored accordingly. (Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) regarding abstracts for further guidance regarding information that is “accurate, self-contained (includes abbreviation information), concise/ specific, non-evaluative, and coherent/readable.”) Tables or figures to illustrate results may be used if kept within the required abstract space. Include headings as indicated in the sample abstract.
- Problem/Purpose: written within the first one or two sentences.
- Sample: characteristics and justification for sample size.
- Methods: design, data collection methods and procedures, approach to data analysis
- Results: described from the data.
- Conclusions/Nursing Implications: stated clearly, realistic.
- Consistency noted between the findings and conclusions.
- Overall appearance and presentation is:
- Well Done — Professional looking; proper grammar and sentence structure; no typographic errors.
- Acceptable — Professional looking; minimal errors in grammar and sentence structure; minor typographic errors.
- Unacceptable — Less than acceptable.
Sample Research Abstract
Psychosocial Adaptation: A Comparison
Problem/Purpose: This was a descriptive survey to determine and compare the psychosocial adaptation levels of middle-aged and elderly hemodialysis patients.
Sample: The target population of male and female hemodialysis patients, 40 years of age and older, were outpatients within two dialysis companies located in the southeastern region of the United States.
Methods: Criteria for participation included: initiation of hemodialysis treatment at least 2 months prior to survey; treatment time of at least 2.5 hrs/day, 3 days/week; and, ability to understand questions from the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale, Self-Report (PAIS-SR; Derogatis, 1986). A conventional standard power of .80 was utilized yielding approximately 98 subjects per group needed for this study. However, a convenience sample of 223 patients was approached and given the PAIS-SR during their scheduled treatment time, taking 20-30 minutes to complete it. Demographic information was primarily collected from the patients’ charts. Data was analyzed by: frequency distributions, measurements of central tendency, measures of dispersion, independent t-tests, multiple regressions, and inferential statistics.
Results: Findings revealed that more elderly demonstrated a higher level of adaptation and that age, ethnicity, and employment status are predictors of psychosocial adaptation. Domestic environment and social behaviors with family and friends were identified as major concerns.
Conclusions/Nursing Implications: Nephrology nurses need to be alert and attentive to the impact of the patient’s renal disease on all aspects of psychosocial adaptation and address issues from the individual’s perspective.